GCF supports the Forum of Environmental Secretaries of the Legal Amazon in Brazil

By Fernanda Barbosa and Mariano Cenamo


The 14th session of the Forum of State Environmental Secretaries of the Brazilian Amazon met in São Luís, in the state of Maranhão, on April 6-7, 2017, with support of the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force. The event had representatives from all nine states of the Brazilian Amazon and a special participation from the Ministry of Environment, José Sarney Filho, who marked the commitment at all levels of the Brazilian government to support the Amazon States efforts in reducing deforestation and promoting sustainable development in the region.

California Issues Proposed Plan to Achieve Groundbreaking 2030 Climate Goals


California proposes the most ambitious plan in North America to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2030. The plan proposed by the California Air Resources Board builds on existing programs, continues cap-and-trade, and introduces an approach to cut GHG emissions at refineries. The plan also includes specific language about the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (see page 28-29), and the importance of addressing emissions from tropical deforestation. The California Air Resources Board is slated to hold workshops in February and hear an update at the February 16 Board meeting. The Final 2017 Scoping Plan Update will be released in late March and be considered for approval by the Board in late April.

Challenges and Opportunities for the GCF in Brazil in 2017: In the midst of a rise in deforestation, we can commemorate advances and improvements in the REDD+ landscape in Brazil.

By Mariano Cenamo & Fernanda Barbosa, IDESAM


The Brazilian Amazon contains the largest area of tropical forest on the planet. Spanning more than 4.1 million km2, it accounts for 60% of the nation’s land and is home to nearly 20 million people. The region, however, generates less than 8% of Brazilian GDP and faces serious social and environmental problems. Its economy basically depends on the extraction of natural resources and minerals and agribusiness, which to date has led to the substitution of nearly 20% of its original forest cover into pasture and other agricultural cultivation.

Signing ceremony of the ASPY 2030 Agreement at COP 13

By Renata Gomez, Pronatura Sur


On Saturday, December 10, the GCF member states of; Campeche, Quintana Roo and Yucatan, signed the Agreement for the Sustainability of the Yucatan Peninsula 2030 (ASPY 2030) at the Conference of the Parties (COP13) on biodiversity. The objective of this agreement is to promote the climate leadership of these states, which make-up the Yucatan Peninsula, at the national and international level.

Modernizing Public Management in Loreto through the Management of Spatial Data: Spatial Data Infrastructure for Integral Regional Development

By Cristina López, Derecho, Ambiente, y Recursos Naturales


The Peruvian regional government of Loreto has been making great strides in in the implementation of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). In recognition of their efforts, Loreto has received several awards including the "Presidency of the Council of Ministers’ Technological Innovation Award " (2015) and the "Good Practice in Public Management Award." Their award-winning work, initiated in 2012, aims to implement technological tools and institutional frameworks that promote transparency and improve services in public management.

Member Spotlight - Jalisco, Mexico

By Jalisco, Mexico


The state of Jalisco is located in the western region of the Mexican Republic. A considerable portion of its territory borders the Pacific Ocean. Biodiversity is one of the principal features of Jalisco; within its territory there are internationally-famous beach destinations such as Puerto Vallarta, snow-capped mountains, semi-desert zones, abundant forests, different types of rainforest and Lake Chapala, the largest lake in Mexico. With its more than 7 million inhabitants, Jalisco is Mexico's fourth most populated state.

Idesam Participates in Environmental Services Training in Acre

By Rogério Lima, IDESAM


From November 25th to 27th, Idesam participated in the course, “Incentives for Environmental Services,” an initiative of the Institute of Climate Change and Regulation of Environmental Services of Acre (IMC) and the NGO SOS Amazon, with support from the bank KfW. The idea behind the training proposed by the IMC is to disseminate the themes of climate change, REDD+ (Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) and environmental services to different actors in the state of Acre.

Peru Signs Historic Letter of Intent with Norway and Germany on Deforestation and Forest Degradation

By Jorge Torres, Ministry of the Environment


On September 23, 2014, during the Climate Conference convened by the Secretary General of the United Nations, the Peruvian government, along with the governments of Norway and Germany, signed a Letter of Intent referred to as "Cooperation for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gases from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and the Promotion of Sustainable Development in Peru." This Cooperation Agreement, which is historic for Peru, will enable a large scale implementation of the Peruvian government's strategy to fight deforestation and promote economic development compatible with forest conservation.

Member Spotlight – San Martín, Peru


Peru will serve as the host for COP20, to be held in Lima on December 1-12, 2014. Deforestation and forest degradation will be a key topic at this event, and the region of San Martín is a leader in Peru's efforts in this area, having been identified as a location for activities under the World Bank's Forest Investment Program. San Martín is also a newer member of the GCF, now entering its second year of membership in 2015.

Acre's Institute of Climate Change and Secretary of State for Women's Policies Agree to Include Gender Issues in the State System of Incentives for Environmental Services

By Larissa Barbosa, Institute for Climate Change


At a meeting held on September 11, 2014, Magaly Medeiros, Director-President of the Regulatory Department of Environmental Services at the Institute for Climate Change (IMC), and Concita Maia, Secretary of State for Women's Policies (SEPMulheres), gathered their teams to discuss inclusion of gender issues in policy incentives for environmental services.

Summary of Colorado State University Study Regarding the State of the REDD+ Program in Chiapas

By Ekaterina Alexandrova, Lesly Tulia Aldana Marquez, Jesse Michael Festa, and Maria del Pilar Jacobo Enciso, Alexander Weber


Following international efforts to combat deforestation and forest degradation, Mexico and the GCF member state of Chiapas are in the process of developing their strategies for Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). The Department of Climate Change and Environmental Economy in the Ministry of the Environment and Natural History in Chiapas has been charged with developing the REDD+ vision and, subsequently, the REDD+ strategy for the state. The goal is to build a jurisdictional level REDD+ program, which will monitor and reduce deforestation across the entire state.

Campeche, Mexico: Overcoming Major Governance Challenges for REDD+

By Editor, CIFOR


Evelia Rivera Arriaga, Secretary of the Environment and Sustainable Development of the Government of the State of Campeche, Mexico, and delegate to the GCF recently talked to ForestsClimateChange.org about building collaboration, capability and communities as part of the state’s REDD+ activities.

Member Spotlight - Acre, Brazil

By Acre, Brazil


As the 2014 GCF chair, Acre (Brazil) will serve as the host for the 2014 GCF Annual Meeting, August 11-14, in the state’s capital, Rio Branco. The GCF’s Annual Meeting is an opportunity for information exchange and progress on the GCF’s low emissions development and REDD-related objectives. Acre’s Governor, Tião Viana, and his administration invite stakeholders to join the GCF member states and provinces, which represent more than 20% of the world’s tropical forests and are leaders among jurisdictions working to lower emissions from land-use activities. The event will provide space for collaborative discussions on options to further progress and strengthen low emissions development programs and identify new opportunities for connecting these programs to emerging markets and other pay for performance schemes.

GCF Facilitates First Pan-African Roadmap for Low-Carbon Development in Africa


Twenty-five government and civil society shapers of REDD+ and low emissions development from eight African countries and four subnational jurisdictions drafted a strategic roadmap for the development of REDD+ and low-carbon economies in Africa at the GCF’s first pan-African meeting, held in Addis Ababa from June 10-12, 2014. Held in partnership with Horn of Africa Regional Environmental Center & Network, the meeting focused on harnessing the success the GCF has experienced facilitating regional collaboration in Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico and Peru, to advance jurisdictional REDD+ and low-emissions development in key tropic forest areas in West, Central, East and Sub Saharan Africa. The GCF Training Program (Norad*) and GCF member, Cross River State funded the process.

Summary of Colorado State University Study Regarding the State of the REDD+ Program in Chiapas

By Ekaterina Alexandrova, Lesly Tulia Aldana Marquez, Jesse Michael Festa, and Maria del Pilar Jacobo Enciso, Alexander Weber


Following international efforts to combat deforestation and forest degradation, Mexico and the GCF member state of Chiapas are in the process of developing their strategies for Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). The Department of Climate Change and Environmental Economy in the Ministry of the Environment and Natural History in Chiapas has been charged with developing the REDD+ vision and, subsequently, the REDD+ strategy for the state. The goal is to build a jurisdictional level REDD+ program, which will monitor and reduce deforestation across the entire state.

Indonesia's BP REDD+ Learns how to Preserve Forests from Merabu Village, Berau


For two days, May 12-13, 2014, the Head of BP REDD+ (Indonesia’s REDD+ Management Agency), Heru Prasteyo, accompanied by the Agency’s Operational Deputy, William Sabandar, paid a visit to the district of Berau. Mr. Prasteyo arrived in Tanjung Redeb, the district capital, where he attended a welcome dinner with the Berau REDD+ Working Group at Cantika Swara Resort and Convention Hotel, and hosted by the district government, which was represented by Assistant II of the District Secretary, Suparno Kasim.

Strengthening Indonesian Capacity for Developing National Forest Carbon Inventory, Mapping and MRV Technical Systems

By Alexander Weber, GCF Task Force


On May 8th through the 13th, staff from the GCF Fund visited East Kalimantan and conducted a performance assessment and financial audit of the project titled, “Strengthening Indonesian Capacity for Developing National Forest Carbon Inventory, Mapping and MRV Technical Systems”. Staff visited and interviewed stakeholders from provincial, district, and national level governmental agencies, local NGOs, and local communities during the trip. The project, led by Michigan State University and East Kalimantan in conjunction with the Nature Conservancy, revolves around the implementation of an enhanced forest carbon stock map as well as a technical on-line Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Toolbox.

GCF Indonesian Members Dinner Meeting

By Jasmine Puteri, [Kemitraan](http://www.kemitraan.or.id/index.php/main/home), Kemitraan, Country Coordinator for Indonesia


On April 2, Kemitraan, the GCF country coordination organization for Indonesia, hosted a dinner meeting for the GCF Task Force members present at the Indonesia 11 meeting. The meeting was attended by the GCF Secretariat staff and the taskforce members from three of the six GCF Indonesian regions (Papua, Aceh and West Kalimantan). The dinner meeting aimed to introduce the new GCF Secretariat members, to update each province’s progress, to coordinate the GCF national activities in Indonesia, and to discuss the upcoming meetings in Catalonia and Acre. The group also discussed, among other emerging issues, the 2014 priorities for the GCF, as well as strategies for implementing them.

New Biodiversity Findings in Peru: A Positive Contrast to Declining Biodiversity Trends and What This Means for the COP 20 in Lima, Peru

By Lauren Cooper, Nature Services Peru


A new survey, published in early 2014 by biologists at UC Berkeley, SIU-Carbondale, and Illinois Wesleyan University is bringing some much-needed positivity in global biodiversity news. Despite species and biodiversity figures dropping all over the world, Manu National Park of southern Peru has surpassed its own record for species biodiversity. The park continues to hold title as the richest biodiversity hotspot in the world for reptiles and amphibians.

A Recap of the International Forum on Payments for Environmental Services of Tropical Services


On April 7-10, the most recent International Forum on Payments for Environmental Services of Tropical Forests was held in San Jose, Costa Rica. The Forum was jointly organized by International Tropical Timber Organization (FAO), International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), and the National Forestry Financing Fund (FONAFIFO) of Costa Rica; and was hosted by the Ministry of Environment of Costa Rica.

Indonesia 11 Meeting Held by the Indonesian REDD+ Agency

By Jasmine Puteri, Kemitraan, Country Coordinator for Indonesia


The Indonesia 11 meeting was held by the Indonesian REDD+ Agency on April 2-3, 2014 in Jakarta. The meeting was attended by the 11 REDD+ pilot provinces and 29 representatives from various agencies, including governors' offices, regents' offices, the United Nations, INGOs, NGOs, and indigenous communities. The meeting aimed to introduce and comprehensively update The Indonesia REDD+ Agency activities, to conduct consultation and consolidation with the 11 REDD+ provinces and to prepare for the REDD+ program implementation in each province.  This is the first meeting ever held and attended by the 11 REDD+ provinces.

Twelfth Meeting of the Environmental and Renewable Natural Resources Management Working Group

By Daniel Coronel, CIAM, Country Coordinator for Peru


In Lima on April 2-3, 2014 the Environmental and Renewable Natural Resources Management Working Group of the Amazonian Interregional Council (CIAM) held its 12th Meeting. CIAM is made up of the GCF regions of Loreto, Ucayali, San Martín and Madre de Dios, as well as the GCF observer region, Amazonas. During this work meeting different activities took place and with the general objective to achieve improvements in the management of the regions comprising CIAM.

Chiapas’s First State Congress on Forest Management and Climate Change

By Renata Gomez, Pronatura Sur


The First State Congress on Forest Management and Climate Change was convened by 14 organizations including forest producers, civic organizations such as Pronatura Sur A.C., the Mexican Civic Council for Sustainable Forestry, and Cecropia. The Congress included presentations from several perspectives such as one from Dr. William Boyd, GCF Senior Advisor and Project Lead, who emphasized the strategic importance of regions such as Chiapas in the creation of viable models for the integration of forest protection in rural development and increasing opportunities for sustainable livelihoods.

Madre de Dios’ Sustainable Development Goals and Achievements


In a recent publication, Assembling the Puzzle: Putting the Pieces Together for a REDD+ Proposal in Madre de Dios, the Environmental Services and REDD+ Roundtable in Madre de Dios (MSAR – acronym in Spanish) organized and summarized the achievements the region has accomplished in its quest to address drivers of deforestation and promote sustainable development. The report also identifies the gaps the region needs to address to reach its goals.

Recommendations to Brazil’s National REDD+ Strategy from GCF Brazilian Members


The six Brazilian member states of the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF) launched a report, “Contributions to the National Strategy for Emissions Reduction from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+): A Proposal for Allocation between States and the Union” this week. The study was developed by representatives of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará and Tocantins with technical support from the Institute for the Conservation and Sustainable Development of Amazonas (IDESAM) and is aligned with the other states of the Forum of State Secretaries of Environment from the Amazon states.

GCF Member Spotlight – Catalonia, Spain


Catalonia, the second largest autonomous community in Spain, is located in the north east of the Iberian Peninsula, and is delimited by the Pyrenees in the north and the Mediterranean Sea in the east. It covers 32,114 km², hosts 7.5 million inhabitants and is subdivided into four provinces (Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona). Its capital, Barcelona, is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the centre of one of the largest metropolitan areas in Europe. Currently, industry, tourism and services are the main economic drivers with agriculture and forestry only contributing a little to the GDP (about 1%).

Chiapas’ Climate Change Crusade

By Climate Change Action Program for Chiapas


On the 14th of February 2013, the “Day of Energy”, the Ministry of Environment and Natural History launched the “Crusade against Climate Change” at the Zoo Miguel Alvarez del Toro in Chiapas. The new Governor of the state of Chiapas, Manuel Velasco Coello presided over the event, alongside ministers and representatives from state commissions.

Central Kalimantan REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan

By Humala Pontas, Central Kalimantan


On February 12, 2013, Governor Teras Narang launched the socialization of Central Kalimantan Strategy and Action Plan for REDD+ for stakeholders in the Indonesian province. The Strategy and action plan for REDD+ (known locally as Strada, strategy daerah or regional strategy) is an important milestone for the REDD+ pilot province under the agreement between Indonesia and Norway regarding cooperation in reducing GHG emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, which was signed in 2010. The strategy was put into effect by Governor Regulation number 10, dated May 15, 2012. Non-technical issues delayed the dissemination of the regulation to stakeholders until February. The launch, led by Governor Narang, was followed by a series of public meetings at the district level designed to reach as many people as possible prior to the regulation’s implementation.

Mato Grosso’s REDD+ State System


Silval Barbosa, Governor of the State of Mato Grosso, signed Law nº 9.878/2013 into law on January 7, 2013, creating the State System for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, Conservation, Sustainable Forest Management, and increase in Forest Carbon Stocks (REDD+). This State REDD+ System comes after 3 years of work involving public participation, sector dialogue and discussions in the REDD+ Group at the Mato Grosso Forum on Climate Change- FMMC, with the support of the Center of Life Institute (ICV) and the Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM).

Acre’s Payment for Performance

By Idesam, GCF Coordinator for Brazil


On December 12th, 2012 the State of Acre received the first transaction for emission reductions from deforestation at the subnational level. Governor Tião Viana signed the agreement between the state of Acre and the German development bank, KfW. It is valued at 16 million euros, and secures payment based on performance for emission reductions for the period from 2011 to 2014 achieved by the state, or US$ 5 per tCO2, which is equivalent to about 4 million tons of CO2.

GCF Member Spotlight—Pará, Brazil

By Pará


The second-largest Brazilian State (IBGE, 2011), Pará, is divided into 144 municipalities, totaling 1.2 million km2. Entirely located within the geopolitical region known as the Legal Amazon, Pará is the most populous state in the region, with over 7.5 million people (almost one third of the population in the Amazon region). The service sector leads the economy for Pará, followed by industry with primary agricultural production also contributing to the state’s GDP.

Acre-Sao Paulo Partner to Lower GHG Emissions through Avoided Deforestation


In April, 2012, Brazilian states Sao Paulo and Acre-a GCF member signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to facilitate the purchase of avoided deforestation carbon credits. Under the MOU, Sao Paulo will purchase the credits from Acre to meet its greenhouse gas emissions targets. Sao Paulo is seeking to reduce its GHG emissions to 98 million tons of CO2 equivalent by 2020 (down from 122 million tons in 2005) according to an article by Reuters.

GCF Member Spotlight – East Kalimantan, Indonesia

By East Kalimantan


East Kalimantan is the second largest province in Indonesia and is located in the Kalimantan region on Borneo Island. With a population of 3,550,586, the province is ranked second in GDP per capita out of 33 Indonesian Provinces. East Kalimantan has a total area of 20 million ha, which is one and a half times the size of Java. There are a number of rivers and deltas that flow throughout the province and its cities, with Mahakam River being the longest. The province’s climate is humid with rainfall ranging between 1,500-4,500 mm per year.

Madre de Dios’ Regional President Named Chair of Council


Earlier this year on February 9th, Madre de Dios Regional President Jose Luis Aguirre Pastor was appointed to serve as President of the Amazon Interregional Council (CIAM-acronym in Spanish) for a one-year term effective in April.

GCF Member Spotlight – Madre De Dios, Peru

By Madre De Dios


The GCF is starting 2012 by welcoming its 16th member, Madre de Dios, whose petition for membership was officially approved at the 2011 GCF Annual Meeting in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia and is effective as of January 1, 2012.

Chiapas Establishes Climate Change Commission & Releases Climate Change Program


In mid-November, federal, state and municipal government officials, representatives from NGOs, academic institutions and the private sector gathered just outside the capital of the state of Chiapas in Chiapa de Corzo for the launch of Chiapas’ Climate Change Commission and presentation of the final Climate Change Action Program for Chiapas (CCAPCH) which analyzes deforestation and forest degradation in the state. The Climate Change Commission is tasked with coordinating the state government in the development and implementation of climate change adaptation and mitigation policies for the state of Chiapas and is made up of fifteen state government agencies in Chiapas who took oath to join the Commission at the event on the 18th.

Chiapas REDD+ Technical Advisory Committee

By Alejandro Callejas


On August 12th during a special session of the Chiapas REDD+ group in the GCF member state of Chiapas, the Chiapas REDD+ Technical Advisory Committee (CTC) was formally established. The Chiapas REDD+ CTC will work under the protection of the Chiapas Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Law; its President is Elsa Esquivel, MS, representative of the AMBIO Cooperative and its Technical Secretary is Alejandro Callejas (biologist), who is the Undersecretary of Environment in Chiapas.

GCF Member Spotlight – Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

By Central Kalimantan


As the name suggests, Central Kalimantan is located in the middle of Kalimantan, the Indonesian section of the island Borneo. It is surrounded by the three other Indonesian provinces on the island: West Kalimantan; East Kalimantan; and South Kalimantan. Central Kalimantan was officially established on 23 May 1957 with Palangka Raya City as the capital. Palangka Raya City itself was a new town created with a vision for the future. The city, with a current population of approximately 220,000, was inaugurated by Indonesia’s first president Sukarno.

GCF Member Spotlight – Aceh, Indonesia

By Kemitraan


Aceh is a province with an abundance of highly diverse natural resources, particularly in the forestry, marine, agriculture and mining sectors. Unfortunately, it has struggled to capitalize on these resources to improve living conditions for its population of four million. Three decades of armed conflict coupled with a devestating earthquake and tsunami have contributed to an increasing number of people living below poverty level in Aceh. Poverty increased to 32.6 % in 2005 from 28.4% in 2004. This number fortunately decreased to 26.5 % in 2006 thanks to rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts. However, this fact does not by itself change the entire picture of the Aceh population. More than 30 % of the population, mostly in rural settings, are still living in abject poverty.

GCF Member Spotlight – Amazonas, Brazil



The State of Amazonas is one of the nine states that make up the Brazilian Amazon, and it has the highest amount of its forest cover still standing, at around 97%. With so much at stake, the state was one of the pioneers in establishing state-wide public policies related to issues such as climate change and the design of positive incentives for forest conservation. In 2007, Amazonas established its State Policy on Climate Change (PEMC) (law 3.135/2007) and a complementary law 53/2007, which establishes the State System for Protected Areas (SEUC). Another strategy adopted by the Amazonas State Government was the creation of a public-private foundation, the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS) that has the objective of managing the Bolsa Floresta Program (PBF) which is a payment for ecosystem services program in 15 State Protected Areas. The PBF aims to reward and improve the quality of life in traditional communities for their contribution in maintaining the environmental services provided by the forests, reducing deforestation and valuing the standing forests. It is composed of four components:

Update: California-Acre-Chiapas REDD Offset Working Group

By Tony Brunello


The REDD Offset Working Group (ROW) was established in February 2011 as a result of a Memorandum of Understanding signed in November 2010 between the Governors of California, Chiapas and Acre, as part of a collaborative effort to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). The ROW includes technical experts and participants from NGOs, registries, and other institutions, in addition to observers from the MOU state governments. The ROW has biweekly conference calls and has met in-person twice this year with the next meeting scheduled for July in San Francisco.

Work Continues on California’s Cap-and-Trade Program During AB 32 Lawsuit


In June 2009, a group of environmental justice organizations sued the California Air Resources Board (ARB) under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) to overturn the landmark California Global Warming Solutions Act (AB 32). Their primary argument against the cap-and-trade provisions of the law was that ARB failed to conduct a legally adequate analysis of alternative ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, such as a carbon tax.

GCF Member Spotlight – Campeche & Chiapas, Mexico


In March, the GCF Secretariat traveled south to the GCF's two member states in Mexico—Campeche and Chiapas. The purpose of the trip was to learn first-hand about REDD-related policy initiatives and activities in these states and to integrate the Mexican states into the GCF's activities.

Proposed Amazonas Law Open for Public Comment


The Amazonas State Secretariat of Environment is seeking input on its proposed law to develop a legal framework for environmental services and forest conservation before it formally submits the proposal to the State Assembly. The law is available on the GCF Website in English or Portuguese. Public comments on the proposed law must be completed using this form and submitted via email to minuta.sa.am@gmail.com or by fax 92.3659.1821 by June 22, 2011.

Understanding Power and the Politics of REDD+


CIFOR and Instituto Centro de Vida (ICV) organized a on the current status and implementation challenges of REDD+ policies and initiatives at national and subnational levels. The GCF Secretariat was represented by the coordinator for Brazil, Mariana Pavan, who presented on the GCF meeting last year in Santarém, Pará, Brazil. The participants focused on the status of REDD+ policies in the Brazilian states of Amazonas, Mato Grosso and Pará and how these fit with the developing national REDD+ policy. CIFOR updated the group on its study, the Global Comparative Study on REDD (GCS- REDD), including a preliminary assessment of projects under the study. The goal of GCS-REDD is to identify what works in REDD initiatives at varying levels of government. The workshop also had breakout sessions on baselines, land tenure, and safeguards.